Short title, extent and commencement.— (1) This Act may be called the Seed Act, 1976.
(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan.
(3) It shall come into force at once.
Establishment of National Seed Council.— As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the Federal Government shall establish a National Seed Council under the Chairmanship of the Federal Minister-in-Charge of Agriculture for the performance of such
functions as may be entrusted to it under this Act.
Functions of the National Seed Council.— The functions of the National Seed Council inter-alia shall be—
(i) to advise on policy for the development, operation and regulation of the Provincial seed industries;
(ii) to maintain a watch on the operation of the provisions of this Act;
(iii) to guide in administering the seed quality control service;
(iv) to direct initiation of Provincial Seed Projects;
(v) to ensure and protect investment in the seed industry;
(vi) to approve and sanction seed standards;
(vi) to regulate inter-Provincial seed movement;
(viii) to advise on import of seeds;
(ix) to co-ordinate multiplication and supply of seeds of approved varieties;
(x) to co-ordinate the arrangements for the maintenance of genetic potential ; and
(xi) to assist in developing approved seed production farms
Establishment of Federal Seed Certification Agency.— As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the Federal Government shall establish a Federal Seed Certification Agency for the performance of such functions as may be entrusted it under this Act.
Functions of Federal Seed Certification Agency.— The Federal Seed Certification Agency shall perform the following functions, namely—
(a) controlling the quality of seeds ;
(b) registering growers in such manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed ;
(c) certification of seeds ;
(d) field inspection of the crops of registered varieties and released varieties intended for sale as basic seed or certified seed
(e) sampling and testing of seed lots intended for sale in order to ascertain their purity, viability, germination capacity and health status in the prescribed manner ;
(f) issuing certificates in respect of seeds which meet the prescribed standards of particular category of seeds ;
(g) carrying out post-control trials on pre-basic, basic and certified seeds ;
(h) sampling and analysing seed lots delivered to the processing plants to establish a basis for the purchase of such lots ;
(i) arranging training courses for seed Certification Officer ; and
(j) providing technical and specialist advice and assistance to the National Seed Council in the performance of its functions.
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