Pakistan National Education Policy 2009

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009 (“the Policy”) of Pakistan comes in a series of education policies dating back to the very inception of the country in 1947. The review process for the National Education Policy 1998-2010 was initiated in 2005 and the first document, the White Paper was finalised in March 2007. The White Paper became the basis for development of the Policy document. The lag in finalisation of the draft owes to lot of factors including the process of consultations adopted as well as significant political changes in the country.

C O N T E N T S

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1
NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY: OVERARCHING CHALLENGES & DEFICIENCIES:
THEIR CAUSES AND THE WAY FORWARD 9

1.1 Background 9
1.2 The Demographic Transition 9
1.3 Uniformity and Confidence in Public Education System 10
1.4 Globalization and Competitiveness 11
1.5 Social Exclusion and Social Cohesion 12
1.6 Setting Standards for Education 12
1.7 Dovetailing Government Initiatives 13
1.8 Leveraging International Development Partnerships 13
1.9 MAJOR DEFICINCIES 13
1.10 Understanding System Deficiencies 14
1.10.1 The Commitment Gap 14
1.10.2 The Implementation Gap 15
1.11 The Way Forward: A Paradigmatic Shift 15

CHAPTER 2
FILLING THE COMMITMENT GAP: SYSTEM VALUES, PRIORITIES AND RESOURCES

2.1 Educational Vision and Performance 16
2.2 A Reaffirmation of Educational Vision 16
2.3 Aims And Objectives 17
2.4 Overarching Priorities: Widening Access and Raising Quality 19
2.5 Mobilising Resources for Education 20

CHAPTER 3
FILLING THE IMPLEMENTATION GAP: ENSURING GOOD GOVERNANCE

3.1 Developing a Whole-of-Sector View 22
3.2 Ensuring Policy Coherence 22
3.3 Overcoming Fragmented Governance 23
3.4 Bridging the Public-Private Divide 25
3.5 Overcoming Structural Divides 27
3.6 Building Management and Planning Capacity 28
3.7 Getting Stakeholders Involved 30

CHAPTER 4
ISLAMIC EDUCATION
4.1 Islamic Education: Duty of The Society and the State 31

CHAPTER 5
BROADENING THE BASE AND ACHIEVING ACCESS
5.1 Early Childhood Education (ECE) 35
5.2 Elementary Education 36
5.3 Secondary and Higher Secondary Education 37
5.4 Literacy and Non-Formal Learning 38
5.5 Education in Emergencies 40

CHAPTER 6
RAISING THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION
6.1 Improving Teacher Quality 42
6.2 Curriculum Reform 44
6.3 Quality in Textbooks and Learning Materials 46
6.4 Improving Student Assessment 47
6.5 Attaining Standards in the Learning Environment 48
6.6 Matching with the Labour Market 50

CHAPTER 7
STRENGTHENING SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION
7.1 Technical Education and Vocational Training 51
7.2 Possible Strategies 53

CHAPTER 8
HIGHER EDUCATION
8.1 Challenges 55
8.2 Strategic Vision 56

CHAPTER 9
IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK
9.1 Objective 61
9.2 Policy As a Living Adaptable Document 62
9.3 IPEM To Oversee Progress 63
9.4 Provincial Autonomy and Ownership 63
9.5 Role of Development Partners 63

ANNEX: I
THE STATE OF PAKISTAN’S EDUCATION
A. Access to Educational Opportunities 65
B. Equity in Education 66
B1. The Gender Dimension 66
B2. The Rural-Urban Divide 67
B3. Provincial and Area Disparities 68
C. Quality of Provision 68
D. The Resource Commitment 70
E. Structure of Education: Public-Private Provision 70

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Source: www.infopak.gov.pk

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